By Richard J. Reid
Up-to-date and revised to emphasize long term views on present matters dealing with the continent, the hot 2<sup>nd</sup> variation of A heritage of contemporary Africa recounts the total breadth of Africa's political, financial, and social background during the last centuries.
* Adopts a long term method of present concerns, stressing the significance of nineteenth-century and deeper indigenous dynamics in explaining Africa's later twentieth-century challenges
* locations a better specialize in African supplier, specifically throughout the colonial encounter
* comprises extra in-depth insurance of non-Anglophone Africa
* bargains extended assurance of the post-colonial period to take account of modern advancements, together with the clash in Darfur and the political unrest of 2011 in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya
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Additional resources for A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present (Blackwell Concise History of the Modern World)
They shared much in the way of political culture, too, including the principle of strong, centralized kingship, which also had important symbolic and ritual dimensions. Kings of the lacustrine zone frequently ruled through provincial chiefs appointed directly by royal authority; and while chiefly lineages did indeed emerge, in addition to royal genealogies, appointments to such offices were often made according to merit, and certainly loyalty was rewarded. A key feature of kingship, moreover, was the absence (normally) of an obvious heir – royal kinsmen, for example, were often imprisoned or killed – which meant that succession was frequently a violent affair.
The states and societies of lacustrine east Africa and the Ethiopian highlands alike were confronted with the problem that in order to gain access to global commerce, they had to do business with coastal communities which were frequently their adversaries. Nineteenth-century Ethiopian emperors may have laid claim to the Red Sea coast, based on some imaginative manipulations of the past, but the reality was that Massawa was administered by the Ottomans through the Egyptians. The latter had the power to bring trade to a halt, or otherwise to control it; increasingly obsessed with the idea of their isolation, ruling elites in the later nineteenth century would seek other means of accumulating firearms, as in the case of Menelik, who as king of Shoa traded with Europeans through Djibouti.
Their security was based largely on the Arabs’ possession of firearms. Between the 1830s and the 1850s, Arab merchants established permanent entrepots at Tabora, in the chiefdom of Unyanyembe, Ujiji on Lake Tanganyika, and at the capital of Buganda, at the north end of Lake Victoria. Among the most successful, and notorious, of these traders was “Tippu Tip”, so named, apparently, after the retort of his firearms, who covered a vast area of modern Tanzania and Congo from the 1860s, raiding and trading, and establishing a considerable if short-lived sphere of influence.
A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present (Blackwell Concise History of the Modern World) by Richard J. Reid