By Marion Wallace
Namibia won its independence in 1990 after a long time of fight opposed to South African rule. sooner than its battles with South Africa, the rustic spent years in the grip of German colonialism. during this booklet, the 1st normal background of Namibia to be released in additional than twenty years, a celebrated historian and a well known archaeologist supply clean point of view on those occasions, in addition to a close account of the country's precolonial period.The quantity starts with an soaking up background of Namibia from earliest instances to the arriving of German colonialism within the 19th century. Drawing on assets in English and German, the authors discover trajectories of migration, creation, and tool within the precolonial interval, alterations brought on through eu enlargement, and the dynamics of formal colonialism. They relate the entire adventure of German rule, together with the genocide of 1904-1908, the wars of primary and southern Namibia, and the destiny of defeated Africans who have been imprisoned in focus camps. ultimate chapters talk about African nationalism, apartheid, and struggle among 1946 and 1990, and the advance of Namibia within the twenty years on account that independence. a useful advent and source, this quantity reasserts Namibia's the most important position within the historical past of southern Africa and, with its wealthy perception and large bibliography, furthers accountable learn at the kingdom and the continent.
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Additional info for A History of Namibia: From the Beginning to 1990
As the director Mohamed Chouikh has observed: ‘Making a film outside the state structures was a counter-revolutionary act. It just didn’t happen, you couldn’t even get permission to shoot. 7 Though the CNCA had contributed two features, the OAA four and RTA six, it was ONCIC which produced or co-produced forty-six of the sixty-one Algerian feature films made in the period up to 1984. It was responsible for the greatest 39 AFRICAN FILMMAKING Algerian success of the 1970s, Mohamed Lakhdar Hamina’s Chronicle of the Years of Embers/Chronique des années de braise, which won the Palme d’or at Cannes in 1975.
189. 31. Kristina Bergmann, Filmkultur und Filmindustrie in Ägypten (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1993), p. 6. 32. Samir Farid, ‘Les Six générations du cinéma égyptien’, Paris: Écran 15, 1973, p. 40. 33. Patrick Clawson, ‘The Development of Capitalism in Egypt’ (London: Khamsin 9, 1981), p. 92. 34. ), Egypte: Cent ans de cinéma (Paris: Institut du Monde Arabe, 1995), p. 14. 35. Ibid. 36. ), Screens of Life: Critical Film Writing from the Arab World (Quebec: World Heritage Press, 1998), p.
2 Certainly, despite the diversity in history and the ways in which independence was acquired, filmmaking began in all four areas at the same time, in the late 1960s, with twenty features in all made between 1965 and 1969. In Sub-Saharan Africa, Ousmane Sembene led the way with his Senegalese features Black Girl/La Noire de . . (1966) and The Money Order/Le Mandat (1968), accompanied by one feature from Guinea in 1966 and two from the Ivory Coast (by the French-based filmmakers Désiré Ecaré and Bassori Timité) in 1969.
A History of Namibia: From the Beginning to 1990 by Marion Wallace