Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies: by Nick Syred, Artem Khalatov PDF

By Nick Syred, Artem Khalatov

ISBN-10: 1402065132

ISBN-13: 9781402065132

ISBN-10: 1402065159

ISBN-13: 9781402065156

The NATO ARW complex Combustion and Aerothermal applied sciences: Environmental safety and toxins savings, used to be held in Kiev, might 2006. The workshop used to be Co-Directed by means of Profs. N. Syred and A.Khalatov, winners of the NATO clinical Prize 2002, and used to be geared up by means of the Institute of Thermophysics (Ukraine) and Cardiff college, united kingdom. the first Workshop goals have been to evaluate the present wisdom on complicated combustion and aerothermal applied sciences offering decreased environmental influence, to spot instructions for destiny examine within the box, and to advertise the shut relationships and company contacts among scientists from NATO and associate international locations.

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Extra resources for Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies: Environmental Protection and Pollution Reductions

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Carbon gasification degree (left) and specific power consumptions for the process of plasma gasification (right) related to 1 kg of syngas versus temperature. 1, 2 is KBC gasification in air and steam medium and 3, 4 is CP gasification in air and steam medium correspondingly increases with the temperature in both variants of CP gasification, and reaches 100% at close and at relatively low values of temperature, which is 1,100 K. The SPCs for the gasification processes were calculated by the difference of working medium (solid fuel and oxidant) enthalpy at initial (T = 298 K) and final (current temperature of the process) conditions.

Keywords: coal, gasification, arc plasma, plasma chemical gasifier, synthesis gas 1. Introduction The world’s petroleum reserves are limited. Based upon current global consumption, it has been estimated that these reserves will be depleted in approximately 40–60 years. Coal is worldwide the most abundant energy resource and the ______ ∗ To whom correspondence should be addressed. kz 141 N. Syred and A. ), Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies, 141–156. © 2007 Springer. 142 V. E. MESSERLE AND A.

34% at 4,000 K. At a temperature over 1,600 K in the gas phase there is hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and cyanide (CN), the total concentration of which reaches 2% at a temperature 2,800 K. There is no NOx in the gas phase. It is connected with the oxygen deficit and as a consequence of reducing atmosphere. 36. Thus, the nitrogen is combined into the oxygen free compounds HCN and CN. 26% correspondingly. The mineral components of the coal sublimate into the gas phase (Figure 1, center) along with the temperature of the coal gasification process.

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Advanced Combustion and Aerothermal Technologies: Environmental Protection and Pollution Reductions by Nick Syred, Artem Khalatov

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