By David E. Stannard
For 400 years-from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army's bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the US persisted an never-ending firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined through as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this attractive new e-book, the eu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas used to be the main immense act of genocide within the background of the world.
Stannard starts with a portrait of the large richness and variety of lifestyles within the Americas sooner than Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and important and South the USA, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and at last out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard unearths that at any place Europeans or white american citizens went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, more often than not leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative resolution: Christians. Digging deeply into historical eu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and battle, he reveals the cultural floor prepared via the tip of the center a while for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in areas proceed to wage-against the hot World's unique population. Advancing a thesis that's absolute to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yank Holocaust drew at the comparable ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.
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Extra resources for American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World
Northwest coast peoples are perhaps best known, however, for their rich and demonstrative ceremonial lives and their steeply hierarchical political systems. Thus, the most common symbolic associa tions we make with these cultures involve their intricately carved totem poles and ritual masks, as well as their great status-proclaiming feasts known as potlatches. Indeed, from the time of first European contact on down to contemporary ethnohistorical investigation, to outsiders the single most compelling aspect of these peoples' lives has always been their flamboyant display of wealth and their material extravagance.
These were the progenitors of the people-the Mandan, the Cree, the Blood, the Blackfoot, the Crow, the Piegan, the Hidatsa, the Arikara, the Chey enne, the Omaha, the Pawnee, the Arapaho, the Kansa, the Iowa, the Os age, the Kiowa, the Wichita, the Commanche, the Plains Cree, various separate nations of Sioux, and others, including the Ute and Shoshoni to the west-who became the classic nomads on horseback that often serve as the popular American model for all Indian societies. But even they did not resort to that pattern of life until they were driven to it by invading armies of displaced Europeans.
In addition, the Hopewell peo ple had trade networks extending to Florida in one direction and Wyo ming and North Dakota in the other, through which they acquired from different nations of indigenous peoples the copper, gold, silver, crystal, quartz, shell, bone, obsidian, pearl, and other raw materials that their ar tisans worked into elaborately embossed and decorative metal foil, carved j ewelry, earrings, pendants, charms, breastplates, and other objets d'an, as well as axes, adzes, awls, and more.
American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard