Ian Kuijt's Anthropology Life in Neolithic Farming Communities - Social PDF

By Ian Kuijt

ISBN-10: 0306471663

ISBN-13: 9780306471667

Drawing on either the result of contemporary archaeological study and anthropological concept, prime specialists synthesize present considering at the nature of and edition inside of Neolithic social preparations. The authors research archaeological info inside of various methodological and theoretical views to reconstruct key facets of formality practices, hard work association, and collective social id on the scale of the family, neighborhood, and region.

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Additional resources for Anthropology Life in Neolithic Farming Communities - Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation

Example text

The subsistence strategy of food-producing communities in the PPNA still had more in common with complex foraging groups than with simple foraging ones (Woodburn 1982 in Henry 1991), as it aimed at attaining greater security through intensified resource exploitation and development of surpluses. Population growth, coupled with scarcity or depletion of resources, increases the importance of social organizations and mechanisms that principally function to “close down” and formalize access to resources and intensify their exploitation.

Perhaps the greater mobility of the later Natufian may be partly responsible for the disappearance of the decorated burials. Most of the Late Natufian burials were recovered from Eynan (Mallaha), Hayonim Cave, and el-Wad, where the numbers of burials dwindle and most of them are secondary. The same also holds for the burials at the Late/Final Natufian site of Nahal Oren (Grognier and Dupouy-Madre 1974). The decorative items recovered from graves in the Early Natufian did not constitute burial offerings but were personal jewelry or, more probably, garment ornaments.

It is worth noting that these reactions of the Final Natufian/Early PPNA communities were different from those of the Early Natufians some 2000 years earlier. The transition to full sedentism was not smooth, and sometimes progress was hindered and reversals occurred. Thus, the Harifian culture from the Negev (dated to 10,700-10,100 bp) and the Abu Madi I entity (10,100-9,700bp) from southern Sinai (BarYosef 1985), which are partially contemporaneous with the PPNA of the Jordan Valley, preserved more elements of the core-area Natufian tradition in lithic technology and settlement pattern than have contemporaneous assemblages recovered from the core-area itself and its neighboring regions along the Levantine Corridor.

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Anthropology Life in Neolithic Farming Communities - Social Organization, Identity, and Differentiation by Ian Kuijt

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