By Qin Xue Herzberg
Here is a concise consultant to complement any process examine and aid with homework, commute, and try out coaching. subject matters comprise be aware order, time, nouns, verbs, adjectives, note offerings with verbs and adverbs, and letter writing. the straightforward structure has one objective: quickly mastery and turning out to be confidence.
Qin Xue Herzberg, a graduate of Beijing general college, has taught chinese language for many years and has been an upper-level chinese language professor at Calvin collage for ten years.
Larry Herzberg did his PhD paintings in chinese language and based the chinese courses at Albion collage and Calvin College.
Qin and Larry stay in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and are co-authors of the preferred China Survival Guide in addition to the lately published Chinese Proverbs and renowned Sayings.
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Additional resources for Basic Patterns of Chinese Grammar: A Student's Guide to Correct Structures and Common Errors
BC: Tā shì xīngqīwǔ jīntiān. 它是星期五今天。 It’s the first of June (today). ✔ CC: Jīntiān shì liùyùe yíhào. 今天是六月一号。 ✖ BC: Tā shì liùyùe yíhào jīntiān. 它是六月一号今天。 You cannot use tā 它 to refer to the weather: It’s raining. ✔ CC: Xiàyǔ le. 下雨了。 ✖ BC: Tā xiàyǔ. 它下雨。 Literally: It is raining. ” Instead use “this” zhè 这 or “that” nà 那： It’s mine. Zhè (nà) shì wǒde. 这 (那)是我的。 You cannot use tā 它 when referring to an abstract thing or event: It’s a good idea. Nà shì yíge hǎo zhǔyi. 那是一个好主意。 It doesn’t matter.
After eating (having eaten) dinner, I fell asleep. Wǒ chīle wǎnfàn jiù shuìjiào le. 我吃了晚饭就睡觉了。 If it’s a sequence of events in the present or future tense, where you’re saying that having done one thing someone does or will do another, then the le 了 comes after the first verb in the sequence and there is no le了 at the end of the sentence. After eating (having eaten dinner, I study. Wǒ chīle wǎnfàn jiù niànshū . 我吃了晚饭就念书。 After eating (having eaten) dinner, I’ll go see a movie. Wǒ chīle wǎnfàn jiù huì qù kàn diànyǐng.
Chúle . . yǐwài 除了 . . 以外 “Besides” in the sense of “with the exception of . . ”: Chúle . . yǐwài, dōu . . 除了 . . 以外，都 . . Besides Mr. Li, everyone can speak English. Chúle Lǐ Xiānsheng yǐwài, dàjiā dōu huì shuō Yīngyǔ. 除了李先生以外，大家都会说英语。 “Besides” in the sense of “in addition to . . ”: Chúle . . yǐwài, hái . . 除了 . . 以外，还 . . Besides Chinese, I can also speak Japanese. Chúle Hànyǔ yǐwài, wǒ hái huì shuō Rìyǔ. ) How to translate “can” depends on its meaning. To express “can”/“know how to,” use huì 会: I can/know how to speak Chinese.
Basic Patterns of Chinese Grammar: A Student's Guide to Correct Structures and Common Errors by Qin Xue Herzberg