Read e-book online Bauhaus : 1919-1933, Weimar-Dessau-Berlin PDF

By Michael Siebenbrodt

ISBN-10: 1780429304

ISBN-13: 9781780429304

The Bauhaus flow is without doubt one of the most important and consequential cultural emergence of the 20 th century. Walter Gropius based this institute of layout in 1919 in Weimar and it used to be powerful in Weimar, Dessau and Berlin. a number of the professors, Walter Gropius (1919-1928), Hannes Meyer (1928-1930), and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1930-1933), have been additionally well known architects in their time. The works of the Bauhaus artists, Lyonel Feininger, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Gerhard Marcks, Oskar Schlemmer and László Moholy-Nagy in addition to these of the scholars and younger school participants, Josef Albers, Herbert Bayer, Marcel Breuer, Gunta Stölzl and Joost Schmidt, have been unanimously trendy and aroused the curiosity of museums internationally. Their teachings in layout are nonetheless saw in todays structure and layout colleges and in addition normally paintings periods. the goods of the Bauhaus, resembling Marcel Breuers recognized metal pipe furnishings, turned low-cost vintage layout criteria. The Bauhaus constructions have made architectural heritage and at the moment are UNESCO international historical past websites. The authors make clear the evolution and connection of the Bauhaus with different events, and render it simply understandable to the reader.

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Extra info for Bauhaus : 1919-1933, Weimar-Dessau-Berlin

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The influence of Mies van der Rohe, for whom architecture was mainly the commanding control of space, material and proportion, had lasting effects on his students’ understanding of architecture. The Closure of the Bauhaus in Dessau Mies van der Rohe had tried to keep the Bauhaus politically neutral. Still, the school remained a thorn in the flesh of the National Socialist Party, which was gaining strength at that time. In the Bauhaus’s end-phase in Dessau, relations with the city had reached their nadir.

The students were to free themselves step by step from all dead conventions and pluck up the courage to do their own work. 2. To make the students’ choice of profession easier. Materials and texture practise were a valuable aid in this. Every student found out after a short period of time which material attracted him, whether glass, wood, stone, clay, metal or spinning products, stimulating him to creative activity. 3. Students were to be taught the basic laws of artistic design for their later artistic professions.

It ended with the analysis of figural depiction in old and new art. In Schlemmer’s examination with man as an ideal, an abstract being reduced to a canon of forms, free from individual differentiation, there would lie the danger of negating man by ideal-typical reduction as a social being and in his historical determination, were it not concerned with the recognition of the type as precondition for the comprehension of the individual. , up to socio-hygienic issues. Birth, growth and death were introduced to the students as a type of Theory of Life Activities.

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Bauhaus : 1919-1933, Weimar-Dessau-Berlin by Michael Siebenbrodt

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