By Worldwatch Institute
The area is at the verge of an unheard of bring up within the construction and use of biofuels for delivery. the mix of emerging oil costs, problems with protection, weather instability and pollutants, deepening poverty in rural and agricultural parts, and a bunch of greater applied sciences, is propelling governments to enact robust incentives for using those fuels, that is in flip sparking funding. Biofuels for shipping is a special and complete evaluate of the possibilities and dangers of the large-scale construction of biofuels. The e-book demystifies advanced questions and matters, similar to the ?food v. gasoline? debate. international in scope, it's additional educated by way of 5 kingdom reviews from Brazil, China, Germany, India and Tanzania. The authors finish that biofuels will play an important function in our strength destiny, yet warn that the large-scale use of biofuels includes dangers that require targeted and speedy coverage tasks. released in organization with BMELV, FNR and GTZ.
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Extra info for Biofuels for Transport: Global Potential and Implications for Energy and Agriculture
And nearly all of the biodiesel produced in the US comes from soybeans, the world’s largest source of plant oil (for both food and fuel uses). Interestingly, the two crops with the largest planted area worldwide – wheat (214 million hectares) and rice (148 million hectares) are not signiﬁcant in biofuel production: only a modest amount of wheat is used for ethanol fuel, and no rice is used (due to higher priority demands for food markets). A key variable in the choice of an appropriate feedstock is the amount of biofuel that can be produced per hectare.
All gasoline sold in Brazil contains 20 to 25 per cent ethanol, a level achievable because automakers use components that are resistant to the solvent characteristics of ethanol. Cars with specially designed engines are able to run on even higher proportions of ethanol fuel. In Brazil, ethanol-only vehicles run on ‘neat’ hydrous ethanol, which is available at more than 90 per cent of gas stations. In Brazil, the US, and Europe, ﬂexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs) that can run on low- and high-level ethanol blends are an increasingly popular option.
3 The sugar cane is produced in two distinct regions: the centre-south and the north–northeast, which have very different climates, production systems and harvesting periods. Average yields per hectare reach about 85 tonnes in the centre-south, which is well suited for sugar cane, and about 70 tonnes in the north–northeast. 4 Sugar cane stalks contain so much sugar that the plant is currently the lowest cost source of biofuel. 7 Somewhat smaller sugar producers, such as Colombia, Cuba, the Philippines and Swaziland, may begin to produce for domestic and regional markets if there is a near-term increase in ethanol demand; indeed, most of these countries are already in the process of forming signiﬁcant biofuel programmes.
Biofuels for Transport: Global Potential and Implications for Energy and Agriculture by Worldwatch Institute