By Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol
This publication presents in-depth details on easy and utilized features of biofuels creation from algae. It starts off with an advent to the subject, and follows with the fundamental clinical elements of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels construction, corresponding to photograph bioreactor engineering for microalgae creation, open tradition structures for biomass construction and the economics of biomass construction. It offers state of the art info on man made biology methods for algae appropriate for biofuels construction, via algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen construction from algae, formation/production of co-products, and extra. The ebook additionally covers themes resembling metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for gas creation, lifestyles cycle review and scale-up and commercialization. it truly is hugely important and permits you to plan new examine and layout new economically possible tactics for the creation of unpolluted fuels from algae.
- Covers in a complete yet concise manner lots of the algae biomass conversion applied sciences presently available
- Lists the entire items made from algae, i.e. biohydrogen, gas oils, etc., their homes and power uses
- Includes the economics of a number of the tactics and the required steps for scaling them up
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Additional info for Biofuels from Algae
Even though there could be many disadvantages with the simple pond system, the simple operation and the high scale-up availability of simple ponds are still very attractive factors and these ponds are often utilized for industrial production of microalgae (Borowitzk, 1999). 2 Raceway Ponds Raceway ponds are a modified version of the open pond system that has a different flow pattern compared to that of the simple pond. In raceways, the water flow direction is controlled by the rotation speed of paddlewheels, in contrast to only coaxial mixing in conventional open ponds.
2009. 5 Companies Making Fuel From Algae Now. Popular Mechanics. popularmechanics. com/science/energy/biofuel/4333722. , 2000. Scale-up aspects of photobioreactors: effects of mixing-induced light/dark cycles. J. Appl. Phycol 12, 225–237. , 1997. Effect of light source on the microbiological desulfurization in a photobioreactor. Bioprocess Engineering 17, 343–348. , 2011. Development of suitable photobioreactors for CO2 sequestration addressing global warming using green algae and cyanobacteria.
Coil-type systems are often adopted to enhance the efficiency of space utilization compared to the other categories. , 2010). The cleaning problems of tubular systems are not easy to overcome due to the small internal tube size, which has no ready mechanical way to conduct the inside cleaning for a long tube. The scale-up of these systems is relatively easy compared with other photobioreactor designs. The increase of tubular photobioreactor working volume can easily be achieved by simply extending the tube length to the designed volume if the air pump can affordably provide enough power to pump in air bubbles.
Biofuels from Algae by Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos R. Soccol