By Evan Peacock, Timothy Schauwecker
This entire examine of 1 of the main ecologically wealthy areas of the Southeast underscores the relevance of archaeological learn in realizing long term cultural switch. Taking a holistic procedure, this compilation gathers ecological, old, and archaeological examine written at the special zone of the Southeast referred to as the Gulf coast blackland prairie. starting from the final glacial interval to the current day, the case reviews supply a large photograph of the way the world has replaced via time and been changed via people, first with nomadic bands of Indians trailing the grazing animals after which via Euro-American settlers who farmed the wealthy agricultural quarter. modern affects comprise industrialization, aquaculture, inhabitants development, land reclamation, and flora and fauna administration. it truly is believed that the Black Belt and the good Plains have been contiguous long ago and shared an analogous prairie plants, bugs, and big fauna, reminiscent of bison. Swaths and patches of limestone-based soils nonetheless weave a organic hall via what's now Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. In studying this special grassland atmosphere, the essays evaluate either
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Extra resources for Blackland Prairies of the Gulf Coastal Plain: Nature, Culture, and Sustainability
1986) but bears further consideration as environmental archaeology in America matures. Interestingly, in the few cases where paleoecologists have speci¤cally looked for the mark of humans on the prehistoric landscapes of the southeastern United States, they have found it. Sedimentation rates, along with data on pollen, microscopic charcoal, and plant macrofossils, show steadily increasing anthropogenic pressure on the environment beginning about 5,000 years ago, coincident with the beginnings of native horticulture.
Paleoenvironment and Biogeography of the Mississippi 17 son, J. S. National Museum. UNIQUENESS OF T HE BLACK BELT FAUNA Species Richness Uniqueness of a fauna in a physiographic region is due to several combined factors, including species richness and the presence of uncommon and localized species, endemic species, and species with disjunct distributions. The moth fauna exempli¤es the species richness of the Black Belt. Collections in prairie and forest habitats of the Black Belt have yielded 1,021 species of moths as well as many species yet to be identi¤ed; this number represents slightly more than half of the species of moths known to occur in Mississippi.
For permission to reuse this work, contact the University of Alabama Press. Paleoenvironment and Biogeography of the Mississippi 19 Endemic Species Two species of beetles are known only from the Black Belt of Mississippi and Alabama. Cyclotrechelus hypherpiformis (Freitag 1969) (Carabidae) is a large, ®ightless ground beetle that was described from prairies in Dallas County, Alabama, and unknown sites near the cam- You are reading copyrighted material published by the University of Alabama Press.
Blackland Prairies of the Gulf Coastal Plain: Nature, Culture, and Sustainability by Evan Peacock, Timothy Schauwecker