By M.J. Elder, W. Bernauer, J.K.G. Dart, F. Bandello
Cicatrizing conjunctivitis is among the such a lot difficult explanations of ocular floor ailment this present day, and with no acceptable intervention, corneal blindness or lack of sight from supervening an infection is usual. simply because lots of those illnesses are infrequent, there's frequently restricted administration event on hand and the assets for study into remedy and pathogenesis should be scarce. this article summarizes current therapy thoughts and the medical and laboratory stories validating those techniques. subject matters mentioned contain an in-depth examine non-progressive explanations together with trachoma, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and ligneous conjunctivitis. The textual content additionally examines persistent revolutionary conjunctival cicatrization, the ailments which reason it, their scientific and laboratory evaluate, immunopathogenesis, sequelae and administration. it's going to relief the making plans of intervention and remedy of a gaggle of illnesses formerly linked to negative diagnosis.
Read or Download Cicatrising Conjunctivitis (Developments in Ophthalmology) PDF
Best ophthalmology books
Gonioscopy is an important differential diagnostic device that allows review of the anterior chamber perspective and proper type of glaucoma as a foundation for particular therapy. This e-book truly explains the way to practice gonioscopy to top impact. The anatomy of the chamber attitude is systematically defined, and the influence of age, developmental problems, and different pathologies at the chamber perspective is defined.
This e-book presents a precis and synthesis of present concerns and learn in the box of 1 of the main demanding paediatric eye stipulations - Amblyopia.
Glaucoma impacts all age teams and is a number one reason for blindness all over the world. it's important that practising clinicians and surgeons realize either basic and secondary glaucoma in addition to situations of glaucoma linked to different issues. Atlas of Glaucoma, 3rd version offers an in-depth assessment and research of the administration of glaucoma and discusses study developments that experience led to the most recent treatments.
Contemporary dramatic advances in analysis, in addition to clinical remedy, suggest for you to provide your glaucoma sufferers extra well timed and potent interventions. quantity One during this brand-new medical reference makes a speciality of the diagnostic and healing points of glaucoma therapy, and the most recent imaging ideas reminiscent of ultrasound biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography in addition to new compounds, mixtures, and periods of gear.
- 2008-2009 Basic and Clinical Science Course: Section 9: Intraocular Inflammation and Uveitis (Basic and Clinical Science Course 2008-2009)
- Henderson’s Orbital Tumors
- Elevation Based Corneal Tomography
- Optic Nerve Disorders: Diagnosis and Management
Additional info for Cicatrising Conjunctivitis (Developments in Ophthalmology)
Am J Ophthalmol 1984;98:429–431. Wilhelmus KR, Dunkel EC, Herson J: Topical human fibroblast interferon for acute adenoviral conjunctivitis. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 1987;225:461–464. Kowalski RP, Gordon YJ: Comparison of direct rapid tests for the detection of adenovirus antigen in routine conjunctival specimens. Ophthalmology 1989;96:1106–1109. Dunkel EC, Pavan-Langston D, Fitzpatrick K, Cukor G: Rapid detection of herpes simplex virus (HSV) antigen in human ocular infections. Curr Eye Res 1988;7:661–666.
It has been accepted for some time now that there are three related conditions: erythema multiforme, sometimes called erythema multiforme minor, in which there is skin involvement but the mucous membranes are spared; erythema multiforme major, which tends to be referred to as ‘Stevens–Johnson syndrome’, in which the skin and the mucous membranes are involved, and a more severe Table 1. Drug preparations reported to have caused Stevens-Johnson syndrome Systemic medications E Sulfonamides E Phenytoin E Barbiturates E Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents E Penicillins E Salicylates Topical medications E Scopolamine E Sulfonamide E Tropicamide expression of the same process which has been termed ‘toxic epidermal necrolysis’ and which is sometimes referred to as ‘Lyell syndrome’ [3, 4].
Conjunctival autografts have been preferred to mucous membrane for patients who have unilateral disease. Unfortunately, the most deserving cases are usually bilateral and there is no satisfactory source of conjunctiva. For these patients, conjunctival allografts have been employed or conjunctiva has been harvested from living related donors. Some patients with Stevens–Johnson syndrome show signs of limbal stem cell deficiency. The epithelium is unstable, at worst with chronic epithelial defects and in its milder form with keratinisation and widespread staining with fluorescein or Bengal rose.
Cicatrising Conjunctivitis (Developments in Ophthalmology) by M.J. Elder, W. Bernauer, J.K.G. Dart, F. Bandello