By Shouting Gao
This is an up to date and revised moment variation of the publication offering new advancements within the box of cloud-resolving modeling. the 1st version of the publication introduces the framework of cloud-resolving version, methodologies for research of modeling outputs, and validation of simulations with observations. It information very important clinical findings within the elements of floor rainfall techniques, precipitation potency, dynamic and thermodynamic methods linked to tropical convection, diurnal adaptations, radiative and cloud microphysical procedures linked to improvement of cloud clusters, air-sea coupling on convective scales, weather equilibrium states, and distant sensing functions. in more to the content material from the 1st version of the e-book, the second one version of the ebook comprises the recent clinical leads to the advance of convective-stratiform rainfall separation scheme, the research of buildings of precipitation structures, the thermal results of doubled carbon dioxide on rainfall, precipitation predictability, and modeling depositional progress of ice crystal. The booklet can be worthy either to graduate scholars and to researchers who do cloud, mesoscale and international modeling.
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Extra resources for Cloud-Resolving Modeling of Convective Processes
8), although the simulated diurnal temperature amplitudes are larger than the observed diurnal amplitudes. 09PSU, respectively. 2 Model Responses to Initial Moisture Perturbations Accurate precipitation forecast may rely on accurate initial conditions. Initial conditions include temperature, moisture, and cloud hydrometeors. As a unique source for condensation, deposition, and surface rainfall, water vapor plays a crucial role in determining tropical convective development. The comparison between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)/Microwave Surface and Precipitation 44 3 Comparison Between Simulations and Observations Fig.
Based on the assumption that convective cells have peak rainfall rates at least twice as high as the surrounding background rainfall rate, Churchill and Houze (1984) used a similar technique developed by Houze (1973) to classify the convective and stratiform precipitation. In their scheme, the cores of convective cells are first assigned to those data points in the radar reflectivity field that have rain rates twice as high as the average taken over the surrounding 400 km2 . These convective cores and the surrounding 150 km2 of area are identified as convective precipitation.
J Atmos Sci 41:1775–1778 Chou MD (1986) Atmospheric solar heating rate in the water vapor bands. J Clim Appl Meteorol 25:1532–1542 Chou MD (1990) Parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation by O2 and CO2 with application to climate studies. J Climate 3:209–217 Chou MD (1992) A solar radiation model for use in climate studies. J Atmos Sci 49:762–772 Chou MD, Kouvaris L (1991) Calculations of transmission functions in the IR CO2 and O3 band. J Geophys Res 96:9003–9012 Chou MD, Lee KT (1996) Parameterization for the absorption of solar radiation by water vapor and ozone.
Cloud-Resolving Modeling of Convective Processes by Shouting Gao