By Claudia Schatan, Eugenio Rivera Urrutia
Do small constructing economies, or SDEs, desire a particular festival coverage to create aggressive markets? opposed to the backdrop of globalization, protectionist regulations that advertise kingdom possession and heavy legislation of key industries are proving more and more useless for riding development. nations all over the world are instituting reforms to advertise pageant and enterprise construction, but the commercial and political focus of strength, feeble judicial platforms, and the shortage of human and fiscal assets pose detailed demanding situations to SDEs. festival rules in rising Economies gains an in-depth research of 2 strategic industries—telecommunications and banking—in a number of relevant American countries which sheds gentle at the dynamics of the transition to deregulation and exchange liberalization. analyzing the teachings realized from those studies and providing dialogue of political, felony, fiscal, monetary, cultural, and organizational matters, the booklet presents designated views on festival coverage and monetary improvement. pageant regulations in rising Economies is basically meant for decision-makers and coverage analysts in overseas exchange and economics, and also will entice researchers, teachers, scholars, and execs within the fields of institutional and improvement economics, foreign alternate, and overseas affairs.
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Additional info for Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and Challenges from Central America and Mexico
The classification of anti-competitive practices in competition laws differs from country to country, but the concepts are quite similar. Following the example of Mexico, Panama and Costa Rica distinguish between absolute monopolistic practices, relative monopoly practices, concentrations and unfair competition. In El Salvador, the law lists competitors, agreements between competitors, agreements between non-competitors and concentrations. However, the concept of agreements between competitors is fully applicable to absolute monopolistic practices, while agreements between non-competitors are typified as relative monopolistic practices.
The basis for this method is that the judges can become specialized in the issues relevant to competition cases, allowing them to manage the technical complexities involved. At the same time, this guarantees greater coherency and consistency in decisions and presumably allows for swifter resolution of cases. The countries in the study group with competition legislation and authorities use various methods. In Costa Rica, El Salvador and Honduras, cases brought before the competition authority are resolved by that same body, which has the faculty to apply penalties.
Outside of the region, the competition is greater and the company is not able to apply the same strategy. 30 This section is partly based on Molina (2007). 42 E. Rivera, C. Schatan Central American airspace is protected through an intra-regional “open skies” agreement, but operators from outside the region are not accorded the same treatment. As a result, US and South American airlines are not permitted to operate flights between points within the region. Put another way, no airline other than TACA can pick up passengers in a Central American country and take them to another destination within Central America.
Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and Challenges from Central America and Mexico by Claudia Schatan, Eugenio Rivera Urrutia