Eye of the Beholder: Johannes Vermeer, Antoni van - download pdf or read online

By Laura J. Snyder

ISBN-10: 1784970247

ISBN-13: 9781784970246

Through the early seventeenth century the clinical Revolution was once good less than method. Philosophers and scientists have been throwing off the yoke of historical authority to see at nature and the cosmos via microscopes and telescopes. In October 1632, within the small city of Delft within the Dutch Republic, geniuses have been born who could lead to a seismic shift within the concept of what it intended to work out the area. One was once Johannes Vermeer, whose experiments with lenses and a digicam obscura taught him how we see lower than diverse stipulations of sunshine and helped him create the main luminous artworks ever beheld. the opposite used to be Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, whose paintings with microscopes printed a formerly unimagined realm of minuscule creatures. by way of intertwining the biographies of those males, Laura Snyder tells the tale of a historic second in either paintings and technology that revolutionized how we see the realm this day.

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Additional info for Eye of the Beholder: Johannes Vermeer, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, and the Reinvention of Seeing

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Luke’s Guild at the very end of 1653 as a painter; in order to do so, he must have served a six-year apprenticeship with a master painter who was registered in an artisans’ guild in either Delft or another city (sometimes, young artists would divide this period between two master painters). This was a requirement of the guild. With whom could Vermeer have studied from the late 1640s? Johannes may have studied for one or two years with Evert van Aelst, a Delft still-life painter who had left a painting on commission with Reynier Vermeer in 1643.

Many astronomers were skeptical—and so were authorities of the Catholic Church, who were not pleased that Galileo was using his telescope to gather evidence in support of Copernicus’s heretical theory that Earth was a planet going around the sun. How much more strange would be the discovery of a whole realm of tiny creatures wriggling in the water we drink and the fluids that course through parts of our bodies: blood, saliva, semen. ” New optical and visual theories proposed by men such as René Descartes and Johannes Kepler were deployed in the attempt to explain how these devices worked in conjunction with the human eye so that observers could trust what they saw through microscopes and telescopes.

In Delft, the renowned producers of pottery, beer, and woven cloth both created demand throughout the nation and then strove to satisfy it. In a country celebrated around the world for its cleanliness, Delft was reputed to be the cleanest town. Throughout the Dutch Republic preachers exhorted their flocks to keep their souls as clean as their houses. Household manuals of the time prescribed different tasks for each day of the week: according to one such pamphlet, every weekday morning the steps, the path leading to the house, and the front hall were to be cleaned; on Mondays and Tuesdays the bedrooms and reception rooms were to be dusted and swept; Wednesdays the entire house was gone over, in a search to eradicate dirt; Thursdays were days for scrubbing and scouring, for which finely ground sand was used; Fridays the kitchen and cellar were cleaned.

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Eye of the Beholder: Johannes Vermeer, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, and the Reinvention of Seeing by Laura J. Snyder

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