By Naomi Kurata
A brand new examine that examines longitudinal case reports of interplay among language beginners and audio system of a objective language inside of their casual social networks. >
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Additional resources for Foreign Language Learning and Use: Interaction in Informal Social Networks
However, researchers have only recently begun to explore how the new technologies, including online chat and social networking services, affect the maintenance and development of learners’ informal social networks with L2 speakers as well as their actual language use and L2 learning within these networks (PasfieldNeofitou, 2007a, 2007b, 2009). Pasfield-Neofitou (2007a, 2007b, 2009), for example, examines the features of intercultural internet chat between learners of Japanese and their Japanese friends and how these learners use this medium as an opportunity for communication and informal language learning.
2 Transcription symbols for the oral interaction data ? , . ) (number) <> << >>  (hhh) (word) () (()) Rising intonation Low-rising intonation suggesting continuation Falling (final) intonation Lengthening of preceding sound Capitals indicate the speaker’s emphasis in utterances in English Underlined parts indicate the speaker’s emphasis in utterances in Japanese Pause less than a second Pause more than a second Reduced volume – soft voice Reduced volume – whispered Overlapping with portion in the next turn that is similarly bracketed Laughter Unclear or probable utterance Incomprehensible utterance, no transcription attempted Researcher’s comment on situation, non-verbal behaviour and so on The segments of the oral interaction data were transcribed according to CA conventions, with some modifications (Atkinson & Heritage, 1984; Markee, 2000).
Moreover, Social Contexts of Language Use and Learning 31 I found that the learners of Japanese in this research made significant investments in interaction in ‘clusters’ (segments of networks which have relatively high density), and, in turn, they were exposed to Japanese culture as well as Japanese language usage in natural settings. It was argued that this exposure would facilitate opportunities for L2 learning. Furthermore, the analysis of some naturally occurring interactions within the learners’ social networks revealed that these interactions provide a very valuable source of comprehensible input and output, which possibly leads to language learning.
Foreign Language Learning and Use: Interaction in Informal Social Networks by Naomi Kurata