By Berard Haile
Father Berard Haile (d. 1955) spent an entire life learning and recording Navajo ceremonial perform. His ethnographic paintings was once held in extensive regard through modern anthropologists, and he's nonetheless as a rule brought up via present-day scholars of Navajo ceremonialism." "Originally issued in a restricted version in 1947, Head and Face mask in Navaho Ceremonialism provides info on mask and their makes use of, such a lot of it acquired in 1908 from one relations of singers and supplemented over the next 40 years. It deals an in depth account of the mandatory attributes of Navajo mask and their building. on the middle of the booklet is a daily account of the nine-day Nightway therapeutic perform, now the first rite during which mask are used. there's additionally a dialogue of 2 mask Haile attributes to the Upward achieving manner, not practiced. An addendum by way of Robert younger updates Haile's Navajo orthography. during this paintings, Haile studies what he used to be instructed with not less than interpretation, assumption, or opinion. the result's a Navajo account of the starting place of the ye'll or Holy humans whom the mask and linked sand work personify.
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Extra resources for Head and face masks in Navaho ceremonialism
Talking god repeated with evening twilight and entered into do·ko'osli·d* San Francisco Peak. Calling god repeated with darkness and entered dibénca·* La Plata range. (The notes on 'masks' for the assignment and birth of the gods at the cardinal points should be consulted here). I find much confusion about the 'homes' of these gods. However, if one recalls Navaho fundamental concepts, especially of a multiplicity of talking and calling gods who are assigned, either in pairs as 'alké·'* na·'asi* one follows the other, or singly, without a companion, to homes at cardinal points, homes in sacred mountains and elsewhere, confusion is likely to disappear to a great extent.
Michaels AZ. [Printed by Santa Fe New Mexican Publishing Corporation]. M. 1943. Soul Concepts of the Navaho. Annali Lateranensi VII:59-94. Haile, Berard. 1946. The Navaho Fire Dance. Or Corral Dance. A Brief Account of its Practice and Meaning. St. Michaels AZ, St. Michaels Press. M. 1949. Navaho or Navajo? The Americas 6(1):85-90. M. 1981. The Upward Moving and Emergence Way. The Gishin Biye' Version. Edited by Karl Luckert. Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press. Lyon, William H. 1987. Ednishodi Yazhe: The Little Priest and the Understanding of Navajo Culture.
A thin black fuzz is added around the outer edge of the mask to indicate its bici·' hair.
Head and face masks in Navaho ceremonialism by Berard Haile