By Deborah E. Kanter
The typical lives of indigenous and Spanish households within the geographical region, a formerly under-explored section of Mexican cultural background, are actually illuminated in the course of the vibrant narratives offered in Hijos del Pueblo ("offspring of the village"). Drawing on overlooked civil and legal judicial documents from the Toluca quarter, Deborah Kanter revives the voices of local men and women, their Spanish pals, muleteers, and hacienda peons to show off their struggles in an period of trouble and uncertainty (1730-1850). enticing and significant biographies of indigenous villagers, male and female, illustrate that no student can comprehend the heritage of Mexican groups with out taking gender heavily. In felony interactions local plaintiffs and Spanish jurists faced crucial questions of id and hegemony. immediately an insightful attention of person reports and sweeping paternalistic strength constructs, Hijos del Pueblo contributes very important new findings to the world of gender experiences and the evolution of Latin the United States.
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Extra info for Hijos del Pueblo: Gender, Family, and Community in Rural Mexico, 1730-1850
Many of the provincial representatives of political or economic power (particularly merchants) were peninsulares. 39 In addition to merchants of peninsular origin, many hacienda administrators, parish priests, and district officers fell into the same uncomfortable category, gachupín. Dislike of these individuals as Spaniards surfaced in the months following the insurgent outbreak in the Bajío. Handwritten posters in support of the insurgency appeared on the streets of Santiago Tianguistengo in January 1811.
Juan Pedro Arévalo, on the other hand, contested this arrangement. In 1791, acting with three other men from San Lucas, he filed suit against the Conde de Santiago. 19 Arévalo became the focus of acrimonious disputes within San Lucas as the village divided into factions over the ongoing dispute with the Atengo estates. In 1791 el común charged that Arévalo had acted against the Conde de Santiago in the village’s name but without its consent. He faced a similar charge 18 The Toluca Region, 1730 – 1821 in 1810.
Access to these pastures proved a source of endless conflict between the Hacienda de Atengo and area villages. Competition over use rights appears first in litigation from 1748. The case revolved around the question of who legally owned the slopes of the Nevado, the Conde de Santiago or the pueblos? 16 Juan Pedro Arévalo certainly heard stories of this bitter dispute from his parents and relatives. San Lucas pursued similar suits in 1774, 1791, 1810, 1821, and 1826. As a young man, Arévalo witnessed the trouble that arose from sharing a border with the Atengo estates.
Hijos del Pueblo: Gender, Family, and Community in Rural Mexico, 1730-1850 by Deborah E. Kanter