By Robert W. Proctor
Ancient Foundations of Human FactorsHistorical Foundations of Human FactorsResearch equipment in Human FactorsReliability and Human blunders in SystemsHuman info Processing Perceptual elements and Their ApplicationsVisual PerceptionPerception of gadgets within the WorldHearing, Proprioception, and the Chemical Senses demonstrate of visible, Auditory, and Tactual info Cognitive elements and Their ApplicationsAttention and the evaluation of psychological Workload Retention and Comprehension of data fixing difficulties and Making judgements specialists and professional structures motion elements and Their Applica. Read more...
summary: old Foundations of Human FactorsHistorical Foundations of Human FactorsResearch tools in Human FactorsReliability and Human mistakes in SystemsHuman info Processing Perceptual components and Their ApplicationsVisual PerceptionPerception of items within the WorldHearing, Proprioception, and the Chemical Senses demonstrate of visible, Auditory, and Tactual info Cognitive elements and Their ApplicationsAttention and the overview of psychological Workload Retention and Comprehension of data fixing difficulties and Making judgements specialists and specialist structures motion components and Their Applica
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Extra info for Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems, Second Edition
The conception of the human as an information-processing system is invaluable for the investigation of human factors issues, because it meets the requirement of allowing human and machine performance to be analyzed in terms of the same basic functions. 5 shows, both humans and machines perform a sequence of operations on an input from the environment that leads to an output of new information. 5 Information processing in humans and machines. sense to organize our knowledge of human performance around the basic information-processing functions.
Most importantly, 30 Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems though, abstraction is a way of standing back from a set of observations and seeing them in a broader context. Not too surprisingly, then, many human factors specialists have stressed that theory is not only important to the basic researcher, who seeks to understand the underlying nature of things but also to the applied human factors researcher and practitioner. Theory offers at least four beneﬁts to the practitioner (Kantowitz, 1989): 1.
A lot of good science has resulted when researchers have resolutely held on to a supposedly disconﬁrmed hypothesis. GOALS OF SCIENCE Because of the emphasis on data collection, it is easy to assume that science is basically a factgathering activity. However, this is far from the case. The goals of science are explanation, prediction, and control. The vehicle for achieving these goals is theory. According to Kerlinger and Lee (2000, p. 11), A theory is a set of interrelated constructs (concepts), deﬁnitions, and propositions that present a systematic view of phenomena by specifying relations among variables, with the purpose of explaining and predicting the phenomena.
Human Factors in Simple and Complex Systems, Second Edition by Robert W. Proctor