By Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Sc
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Additional resources for Integrated Design of Alternative Technologies for Bulk-Only Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).)
Because of the long analytical time and high detection limit, this method is considered unsuitable. The chloroform extraction method has been found to achieve a detection limit between 80 and Recommendation 5-4. The Army should develop and demonstrate methods of chemical analysis to confirm the destruction of VX in the hydrolysate at the Newport facility. These methods should include procedural specifications and provisions for training so that confirmation at the required detection limits can be confirmed by testing by different analysts at multiple laboratories.
The committee anticipates that the Army’s considerable experience in monitoring techniques for both mustard and VX will be directly transferable to the ABCDF and NECDF. The committee has already recommended several potential improvements for vapor-phase agent monitoring that are applicable to the ABCDF and the NECDF (NRC, 1994a, 1996b). Insofar as the committee can ascertain, the ADPs for the ABCDF and NECDF include adequate agent monitoring of the air in areas where elevated agent concentrations are likely, such as agent storage and neutralization process areas.
Considerable testing, including pilot-scale tests, will be necessary to address these issues. Corrosion of the metal components in the reactor will cause these metals to appear in the effluent from the SCWO reactor and, ultimately, in the salt stream from the evaporator. g. chromium, nickel), could affect the disposal of the salt streams, which consist largely of sulfate and phosphate salts. The Army will have to determine the amounts and effects of metals in the SCWO effluent as a result of corrosion, including their effects downstream of the SCWO reactor and how their presence will affect handling and disposal, overall effluent quality, monitoring, and regulatory and permitting issues.
Integrated Design of Alternative Technologies for Bulk-Only Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities (Compass Series (Washington, D.C.).) by Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Sc