Inventing the Charles River - download pdf or read online

By Karl Haglund

ISBN-10: 0262083078

ISBN-13: 9780262083072

ISBN-10: 0585490236

ISBN-13: 9780585490236

The Charles River Basin, extending 9 miles upstream from the harbor, has been referred to as Boston's "Central Park." but few discover that this it seems that normal panorama is a unconditionally fabricated public area. 2 hundred years in the past the Charles used to be a tidal river, edged by way of hundreds of thousands of acres of salt marshes and mudflats. Inventing the Charles River describes how, prior to the construction of the basin may perhaps commence, the river first needed to be imagined as a unmarried public house. the recent esplanades alongside the river replaced the best way Bostonians perceived their urban; and the basin, with its expansive perspectives of Boston and Cambridge, grew to become an iconic photo of the metropolis.

The booklet specializes in the precarious stability among transportation making plans and stewardship of the general public realm. lengthy prior to the esplanades have been discovered, nice swaths of the river got over to business businesses and transportation -- millponds, bridges, landfills, and a posh community of highway and railway bridges. In 1929, Boston's first significant road controversy erupted whilst a four-lane highway used to be proposed as a part of a brand new esplanade. At twenty-year periods, 3 riverfront highway disputes undefined, successively extra advanced and disputatious, culminating within the complaints over "Scheme Z," the massive Dig's plan for eighteen lanes of road ramps and bridges over the river. greater than 400 images, maps, and drawings illustrate prior and destiny visions for the Charles and rfile the river's position in Boston's history.

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Beginning at King (now State) Street and extending well beyond Town Cove into the harbor, Long Wharf created what “amounted to a dramatic road from Boston to the sea . . 11 For its first hundred and fifty years, Boston saw itself as a seaport, the principal gateway in the colonies to England and the Continent. This painting by J. Carwitham is based on a drawing by John Bonner from about 1725. E A R T H W O R K 11 Haglund/chapter 1 10/7/02 6:18 PM Page 12 Bridges and Canals The insular character of the city began to change at the end of the eighteenth century as bridges were built linking Boston with the mainland.

The petition for the new bridge was resubmitted in each of the next three sessions, but the legislature took no action. 44 24 C h a p t e r 1 The following year, the petitioners alleged that the thirtyyear extension of the forty-year charter for the Charles River Bridge (granted in 1793 when the West Boston Bridge was approved) had been obtained by fraud. Although the proprietors objected strenuously, the yearly profits and the greatly increased value of the stock left many unsympathetic to their claims of abridged property rights.

By the end of the eighteenth century, the spirit of gentility had encouraged a decided preference for straight streets and some sense of urban grandeur in the colonies. One witness to this new civic sense was Josiah Quincy, whose son later served four terms as mayor of Boston. In 1773 he visited cities and towns on the eastern seaboard as far south as Charleston, South Carolina, and compared their appearance and orderliness. ”6 The medieval street patterns of Boston were based on topography and on the predilections of the town’s builders, not on European ideas, and left little room for the new taste in city design.

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Inventing the Charles River by Karl Haglund

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