By Anna Floerke Scheid
Despite the U.S Catholic Bishops’ 1983 statement that “insufficient analytical realization has been given to the ethical problems with progressive warfare,” theological scholarship has been sluggish to interact in systematic research of what makes a revolution moral or unethical. Just Revolution: A Christian Ethic of Political Resistance and Social Transformation aims to deal with this lacuna. What ideas and practices should advisor those that are looking to unfastened themselves from dictatorial or oppressive governments?
With this question in brain, this e-book specializes in oppressed peoples as brokers in their personal procedures of social transformation. The version of simply revolution proposed endeavors to restrict violence to do the least attainable damage whereas overcoming political oppression, operating towards a justice, and selling long term efforts at peacebuilding and sociopolitical reconciliation.
Using the South African fight opposed to apartheid as a case examine, Just Revolution posits an ethic for progressive task that starts off with nonviolent simply peacemaking practices, allows restricted and limited armed resistance in keeping with revised simply conflict standards, and promotes post-revolutionary transitional justice and social reconciliation. jointly the practices and standards that emerge from this learn yield a wealthy and theologically grounded ethic of simply revolution.
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Additional resources for Just Revolution: A Christian Ethic of Political Resistance and Social Transformation
Aquinas equates “the good” with God’s being, via themes that resonate with how God is depicted in the Hebrew Scriptures. As the uncaused cause of all creation, God is pure being. 66 Aquinas’s insight here harkens back to the Hebraic name of God—YHWH, I AM—and he reminds us that “a proposition effected by the mind [joins] a predicate to a subject . . ” 68 Thus, Aquinas argues: “God comprehends in himself the whole perfection of Being . . all things that exist are seen to be ordered to each other .
Since, “the force of a law depends on the extent of its justice,” and justice is established according to the rule of reason, which is the province of natural law, “every human law . . is derived from the law of nature. ” 82 For Aquinas then, natural law places moral limits on human law and urges human law toward justice. 83 Governments that attend to justice in adherence to the natural law are legitimate. Those which corrupt the natural law through injustice can become illegitimate. In his political thought, Aquinas, echoing Aristotle, generally details five forms of government.
As a product of the love of God and neighbor, peace is a result of charity, or love. No peace can exist in a tyrannical regime because the tyrant loves neither God nor neighbor. Peace, being unity, absence of needs, and ultimately, fulfillment of desires, is categorically impossible under a tyrannical dictatorship. Tyranny constitutes the rule of one who elevates his person- Theological Roots of the Just War Tradition and Just Peacemaking Theory 23 al desires above the common good. ” 91 Under such a regime, reason, justice and virtue are abandoned, and disorder and chaos abound.
Just Revolution: A Christian Ethic of Political Resistance and Social Transformation by Anna Floerke Scheid