Download e-book for iPad: Knowledge for What: The Place of Social Science in American by Robert Staughton Lynd

By Robert Staughton Lynd

ISBN-10: 0691648085

ISBN-13: 9780691648088

Contents: Foreword ix; I. Social technology in difficulty 1; II. the concept that of "Culture" eleven; III. The development of yank tradition fifty four; IV. The Social Sciences as instruments 114; V. Values and the Social Sciences one hundred eighty; VI. a few Outrageous Hypotheses 202; Index 251

Originally released in 1939.

Show description

Read Online or Download Knowledge for What: The Place of Social Science in American Culture PDF

Best cultural books

Download e-book for kindle: In the Flesh: The Cultural Politics of Body Modification by Victoria Pitts

The Nineties observed the dramatic upward thrust of magnificent varieties of physique amendment, which integrated the tattoo renaissance and the increase in physique piercing, the emergence of neo-tribal practices like scarification and flesh putting, and the discovery of latest, high-tech different types of physique artwork like subdermal implants. This ebook, in keeping with years of interviews with physique modifiers during the usa, is either sympathetic and demanding and gives the main accomplished examine this phenomenon.

Download e-book for iPad: History of European morals from Augustus to Charlemagne by William Edward Hartpole Lecky

This publication was once switched over from its actual version to the electronic structure by way of a neighborhood of volunteers. you could locate it at no cost on the internet. buy of the Kindle variation contains instant supply.

Additional info for Knowledge for What: The Place of Social Science in American Culture

Sample text

What a social scientist deals with, therefore, is not a unit institution carried evenly by all persons, similarly learned in and responding to the in­ stitution in question. The problems that social science wrestles with derive to an important extent from the fact that different individuals and masses of individuals react differently to supposedly common institutions. The viewing of culture as the behavior of individuals is important because it helps to counteract the over-easy acceptance of the officially promulgated norms (legal and "right" ways of doing things) or of assumed central tendencies (usual or most frequent ways of doing things) as the operating reality of an institution.

Here the concept of cultural relativism has done immense damage, indeed as great ranted to a certain extent: the culture and the persons who live by it are different conceptual foci, and it is important to study culture-as-such and ,persons-as-such; and culture patently does things to persons in a highly coercive way, the culture of a metropolitan city, for instance, having a momentum qua culture to which most persons find it neces­ sary to bend and adapt in order to survive in such a city. But the trouble comes for the social scientist when, in grappling with the monopolizing immediacies of his problem, he forgets that these useful conceptual dis­ criminations are only true to a certain extent, as method­ ological tools—when he begins to accept them neat, with­ out qualification.

A latent motive becomes active when, through external or internal stimulus, the individual finds himself on a tensional "hot spot"; it consists in a direc­ tional orientation to getting off that spot by a line of action associated with satisfaction in his experience. Out of such unique networks of motives, the culture con­ stantly acquires the standard sanctioned and tabooed direc­ tional orientations it exhibits. Thus we get the patterned tendencies in our own culture toward growing rich, belong­ ing to the right clubs, living in the right neighborhood, knowing the right people, being regarded as a person with a nice sense of humor, winning one's letter in football, being the most popular girl at a dance, and so on through the infinite number of big and little "right" and "wrong" ways of behaving that give dynamic patterning to our culture.

Download PDF sample

Knowledge for What: The Place of Social Science in American Culture by Robert Staughton Lynd


by Charles
4.0

Rated 4.75 of 5 – based on 16 votes