By Olga Nájera-Ramírez
Every year, for 3 days in September, the voters of Jocot?n, an historic indigenous neighborhood close to Guadalajara, Mexico, symbolically reenact the Spanish conquest of Mexico in mock battles among Santiago, the shopper saint of Spain, and the Tastoanes, the leaders of the indigenous resistance. ironically, the Jocote?os honor Santiago, their particular protector, and contain either Christian and indigenous practices and ideology of their fiesta. utilizing the idea that of hegemony, the writer explores what the pageant capability culturally to the neighborhood and indicates the way it permits Jocote?os to conform to Christianity and to withstand the social order it symbolizes. in the course of the pageant, Jocote?os deal with their collective id, the maintenance in their people tradition, and their dating to the social-political energy constitution of Jocot?n. scholars of Mexican tradition and of syncretic religions world wide will locate this examine stimulating and informative.
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Additional info for La Fiesta de Los Tastoanes: Critical Encounters in Mexican Festival Performance
11 This concern over resources has provoked a long-standing debate over the economic and political implications of festival. 12 For instance, some scholars have concluded that festivals serve the hegemonic order as a means of socially controlling subordinate indigenous communities because fiestas consume local resources that keep participants from working in other activities to effect political or social change. While these studies call attention to the latent functions of festival sponsorship, their narrow focus on sponsorship results in serious limitations.
After about an hour, the music ends, signaling to the festival participants that breakfast, which is hosted each day by a different family, will begin shortly. , when the morning mass begins. Despite the fact that the mass is dedicated by the community to Santiago, the priest usually does not mention Santiago or the Tastoanes festival during mass. Nevertheless, Jocoteños employ other markers to indicate that this special mass is offered in Santiago's honor. Santiago's devotees fill the church well beyond capacity, and many of the Tastoanes attend mass Page 23 dressed in costume.
After that, the brass bands do not perform again until the close of the festival, usually during the final procession and at the closing dance. Spectators comprise another important aspect of the festival; whether they support it or not, most community members watch the festival at some point. Some people stop to gaze for a few minutes and then go on with their routine business, while others stay to watch for hours at a time. The number of spectators fluctuates, depending primarily on the particular event taking place: peak moments of dramatic activity always draw a large au- Page 21 dience.
La Fiesta de Los Tastoanes: Critical Encounters in Mexican Festival Performance by Olga Nájera-Ramírez