Download e-book for iPad: Le Mexique by Alain Rouquié

By Alain Rouquié

ISBN-10: 2213661723

ISBN-13: 9782213661728

Le Mexique est aujourd’hui l. a. 13e puissance mondiale et los angeles 2e en Amérique latine après le Brésil. Donné en modèle aux autres États du continent dans les années 1990, il a désormais l’image d’un will pay incertain, enlisé dans ses problèmes de sécurité interne, peu présent sur los angeles scène internationale et en proie à des crises économiques à répétition. Pour comprendre cette trajectoire, on ne peut faire abstraction d’un fait géographique déterminant : ses three 2 hundred km de frontière commune avec les États-Unis. L’histoire du Mexique a été marquée de manière indélébile par cette contiguïté intangible, pour le pire comme pour le meilleur. Les États-Unis sont depuis 1890 le top-rated partenaire advertisement du Mexique, et dix hundreds of thousands de Mexicains, au moins, vivent de l’autre côté du Rio Bravo. Les États-Unis influencent aussi, par motion ou par omission, à travers l’opinion ou par des mesures gouvernementales, les grandes orientations de los angeles politique mexicaine. Les optimistes, des deux côtés de los angeles frontière, saluent cette interdépendance. Les pessimistes craignent que l’avenir du Mexique, ne soit à terme celui d’un « État libre associé », autrement dit un monstrous Porto Rico, riche en ressources naturelles et humaines. Toute l’ambiguïté et toute los angeles singularité du Mexique viennent de là, de son statut d’« État nord-américain » et de sa relation avec son « pire ami », son voisin. Ce livre suggest une lecture du Mexique contemporain à travers ce prisme, qui constitue l’exceptionnalité de ce grand État « émergent ».

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First, local authorities took immediate action deSigned to crush the rebellion and overawe future plotters, namely, the capture and punishment of the ringleaders. ) Second, the viceroy implemented legislation to forestall future rebellions. Most of these laws had been promulgated in the sixteenth century; however, they usually lay dormant until being activated (for brief periods of time) in moments of crisis. Nevertheless, they reveal the Spaniards' social prescription for dealing with the castas.

The mestiza seamstress Sebastiana Hernandez left her house to a clergyman with whom she was a close friend but added the proviso that her Indian comadre (godmother to her child) be allowed to live "for the rest of her life" in Sebastiana's suite. 2o Even those who possessed rooms in small, run-down buildings, however, were privileged compared to the majority of their neighbors. Few Mexico City inhabitants actually owned their own homes. Most of the traza's buildings (aside from public structures) were in the hands of the city's twenty-two convents and twenty-nine monasteries.

As Hispanic society matured-in particular, as male colonials found it easier to marry Spanish women-the barrier between Spaniards and mestizos became less and less fluid. " Indeed, as the century progressed, colonials came to regard the terms "mestizo" and "illegitimate" as practically synonymous. 57 The number of identifiable mestizos Race and Class in Colonial Mexico City, 1521-1660 19 thus grew rapidly after midcentury, and they soon became associated in Hispanic eyes with Mexico's other anomalous casta groups.

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Le Mexique by Alain Rouquié


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