Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language - download pdf or read online

By Ernesto Macaro

ISBN-10: 0826451357

ISBN-13: 9780826451354

An incredibly lucid booklet that combines discursive prose with routines, questions and activates for mirrored image. each one theoretical aspect is supported by way of an absolutely defined instance. The e-book makes a speciality of the several concepts that folks use to profit languages and

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Additional resources for Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language Classrooms: The Role of Learner Strategies

Sample text

Thus co-operation on a language task, seeking help from a teacher, discussing your feelings with someone else or convincing yourself that you can do a language task are all examples of strategies from this group. Another way of classifying strategies is to describe them as Direct Strategies (memorizing, cognitive processing, compensation) and others as Indirect Strategies (metacognitive, social and affective). This is a classification offered by Rebecca Oxford (1990:16). All these authors have tried to come up with definitive lists of strategies which fit into their categories.

The materials for most of these are given in later chapters. The idea is to use some of the materials (or adaptations of them) yourself to find out about whether and how often students use strategies and also to raise their awareness by discussing the results with them. But is all this research into strategy use worthwhile? What have the above research techniques begun to unearth that we should put so much valuable time and effort into them? What we know already about the way successful students learn to learn In order to try to convince you that the effort is worthwhile, what follows is a brief summary about strategy use and strategy training for which there is a growing body of evidence.

I actively look for people with whom I can speak the new language* 3. When I don't understand I ask the teacher to clarify or repeat things. ': 1. Yes, I do. 2. No, I don't. 3. Not sure. e. it forces students to go through too few doors) that it may lead the majority of your students to opt for the 'not sure' category. This is fine if you were just using a questionnaire to raise awareness but not much use if you wanted to gather some statistical data in order to generate some sort of theory of strategy use from it.

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Learning Strategies in Foreign and Second Language Classrooms: The Role of Learner Strategies by Ernesto Macaro


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