By Jean-Luc Wertz
Written with a various viewers in brain, this e-book describes the present prestige, improvement, and destiny clients for the serious expertise of second-generation biorefineries, in particular with a spotlight on lignocellulosic fabrics as feedstock. It presents an outline of the problems in the back of this technological transition, and it offers, intensive, the technology and expertise on the topic of cellulose for construction of bioethanol and different biofuels. The e-book additionally highlights the most rising routes that might function the resource of significant bio-generated items within the future. Read more...
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Additional info for Lignocellulosic Biorefineries
43] Pure plant oil stems from dedicated crops such as rapeseed, soybean, palm and sunflower seeds. Animal fats are attractive feedstocks for biodiesel because their cost is lower than that of vegetal oil.  Use of waste vegetable oil or animal fats is an effective method of recycling daily wastes. Sustainable and economic production of biodiesel from palm oil has proven to be a challenge. This is due to the significant land-use change and sustainability issues linked to pure plant oil production, and the high costs associated with the refinement of waste oil.
Chapter 5 deals with cellulose degradation. The enzymatic hydrolysis and the non-biological degradation are reviewed with a focus on useful technologies for biorefineries. Chapter 6 presents hemicelluloses and lignin, the other key constituents of biomass. Their molecular structure, biosynthesis, and degradation are described. 23 Lignocellulosic Biorefineries 24 Chapter 7 covers the pretreatments of lignocellulosic biomass in order to fractionate the material. The pretreatments include steam explosion, steam cracking, solvent fractionation, acid pretreatment, alkaline pretreatment, microwave, and other physical pretreatments.
Fuseaction=article. pdf  M. Patel, C. Bastiolo, L. Marini, and E. Wurdinger, Life-cycle Assessment of Bio-based Polymers and Natural Fiber Composites, Encyclopedia Biopolymers, Vol. L. Roes, Ex-ante life cycle engineering, Application to nanotechnology and white biotechnology, Thesis, Utrecht University, 2011, in http://igitur-archive. 1 Introduction Photosynthesis is the main life process on Earth.  Through photosynthesis, land plants, algae and many species of bacteria, such as cyanobacteria, convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy needed for most biological functions.
Lignocellulosic Biorefineries by Jean-Luc Wertz