Victor P. Lytwyn's Muskekowuck Athinuwick: Original People of the Great Swampy PDF

By Victor P. Lytwyn

ISBN-10: 0887556515

ISBN-13: 9780887556517

The unique humans of the Hudson Bay lowlands, known as the Lowland Cree and recognized to themselves as Muskekowuck Athinuwick, have been one of the first Aboriginal peoples in northwestern North the US to return into touch with Europeans. This ebook demanding situations long-held misconceptions concerning the Lowland Cree, and illustrates how historians have frequently misunderstood the position and resourcefulness of Aboriginal peoples in the course of the fur-trade era.
     even if their very own oral histories inform that the Lowland Cree have lived within the quarter for millions of years, many historians have portrayed the Lowland Cree as relative rookies who have been depending on the Hudson’s Bay corporation fur-traders by way of the 1700s. ancient geographer Victor Lytwyn indicates in its place that the Lowland Cree had a well-established conventional society that, faraway from being depending on Europeans, used to be instrumental within the survival of investors during the community of HBC forts in the course of the 18th and nineteenth centuries.

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Extra resources for Muskekowuck Athinuwick: Original People of the Great Swampy Land

Sample text

At Albany Fort, a Homeguard WHO ARE THE LOWLAND CREE? Cree leader named Miskemote became a "pentioner" in the fall of 1712. "79 Despite his old age and disabilities, Miskemote did not depend entirely upon the charity of the HBC. Throughout the rest of his life, he and his family spent much of their time away from Albany Fort to hunt, trap, and fish. Miskemote's health continued to deteriorate, but he was still recognized as the leader of the Albany River Homeguard. 80 No other leader, including upland leaders, received such valuable gifts from the company that year.

In areas adjacent to the Hudson Bay lowlands, other archaeological fieldwork in the 1970s and 1980s yielded additional data about the pre-contact Aboriginal peoples who lived in the bordering upland Shield region. During the summers of 1978 and 1979, David Riddle investigated ninety-four sites along the Albany River from its headwaters downstream to Washi Lake, about eighty kilometres above the edge of the lowlands. The artifacts found in these sites confirmed that the Albany River had been "a well-used area in both prehistoric and historic times," and Riddle calculated that some of the material was 5000 years old.

The HBC system of creating leaders or captains was motivated by a desire to stimulate extra efforts by these company captains to bring furs and other country produce. While the upland leaders who were recognized as HBC captains were encouraged to bring down more furs, the Lowland Cree captains were usually asked to bring in more provisions. For example, the man named Factory, Captain of Churchill River, was often rewarded for his ability to lead other Indians in the spring and fall goose hunts.

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Muskekowuck Athinuwick: Original People of the Great Swampy Land by Victor P. Lytwyn

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