By R. Scott Smith
Philosophical naturalism is taken to be the popular and reigning epistemology and metaphysics that underwrites many principles and data claims. yet what if we won't understand truth on that foundation? What if the establishment of technology is threatened by way of its reliance on naturalism? R. Scott Smith argues in a clean method that we won't understand truth at the foundation of naturalism. in addition, the "fact-value" cut up has didn't serve our pursuits of desirous to recognize truth. the writer provocatively argues that when you consider that we will recognize fact, it needs to be because of a non-naturalistic ontology, top defined by way of the truth that human knowers are made and designed by means of God. The publication deals clean implications for the checking out of non secular truth-claims, technological know-how, ethics, schooling, and public coverage. as a result, naturalism and the fact-value cut up are proven to be fake, and Christian theism is proven to be precise.
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Additional info for Naturalism and Our Knowledge of Reality: Testing Religious Truth-Claims
110. ”29 Following his second thesis, there must be something other than the properties of an experience itself that tells us what the qualities of our experiences themselves are. As he asks, if we are to be made f-aware of what an experience is like, then this must be due to an awareness of properties and objects other than those of the experience. These must be properties of the object of which the experience makes us aware. So, in case of veridical perception, when one becomes p-aware of the qualities of a red hat, those qualities are not properties of the experience, but rather are properties of the red hat.
But we must also observe that 54 Ibid. (emphasis in original; bracketed insert mine). Ibid. , p. 151. 57 Ibid. (bracketed insert mine). , p. 163. , p. 138. 60 Ibid. , p. 139. 55 Naturalism and Our Knowledge of Reality 32 the PANIC theory of phenomenal content should be understood as supplemented by the causal covariation approach to sensory representation we saw already. 62 So there is no additional, nonphysical stuff that is involved with experiences or feelings; there is only physical stuff. But, like Dretske, this does not mean that phenomenal character is located in neurons, or in the brain’s structure.
Indeed, our cognitive faculties generally do function reliably in appropriate circumstances. And we do know that things such as thermostats generally function reliably. But a presupposition is at work here, namely that we already know what it means to function reliably. That is, we are employing a concept with which we are well familiar. But the question then becomes, how do we first form that concept? That we do indeed form and acquire concepts seems reasonable to assume, for we do not seem to come into this world with a nest of concepts, much less that one, preformed in us.
Naturalism and Our Knowledge of Reality: Testing Religious Truth-Claims by R. Scott Smith