Download e-book for iPad: Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of by Axel Kleidon

By Axel Kleidon

ISBN-10: 3540224955

ISBN-13: 9783540224952

Name is incorporated within the Springer Complexity programme.

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Additional info for Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy: Life, Earth, and Beyond

Sample text

The X of the text is the sum of Xo and Xa . The box has an ocean surface temperature T and an ocean-to-atmosphere non-radiant energy flux LE+H of latent (LE ) and sensible (H) heat. The fractional cloud cover of the box is θ. , one at the top of the atmosphere and one at the ocean surface. The cheating took the form of a sort of subsidiary extremum principle. It was assumed that, given a particular net horizontal energy flux into a zone, its cloud cover and surface temperature would adopt values such that the vertical flux LE+H from surface to atmosphere would be the maximum allowed by the two energy balance equations.

Peixoto JP, Oort AH, de Almeida M, Tome A (1991) Entropy budget of the atmosphere. J Geophys Res 96: 10, 981–10, 988. 20 A. Kleidon and R. Lorenz Prentice IC, Farquhar GD, Fasham MJR, Goulden ML, Heimann M, Jaramillo VJ, Kheshgi HS, Le Qu´er´e C, Scholes RJ, Wallace DWR (2001) The carbon cycle and atmospheric carbon dioxide. in: Climate change 2001: The scientific basis. Contribution of working group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, van der Linden PG, Dai X, Maskell K, Johnson CA (eds).

Schneider SH, Boston PJ (1991) Scientists on Gaia. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. Schneider SH, Miller JR, Crist E, Boston PJ (2004) Scientists debate Gaia: The next century. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. Schr¨ odinger E (1944) What is life? The physical aspect of the living cell. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Sellers WD (1969) A global climate model based on the energy balance of the Earth atmosphere system. J Appl Met 8: 392–400. Shimokawa S, Ozawa H (2001) On the thermodynamics of the oceanic general circulation: Entropy increase rate of an open dissipative system and its surroundings.

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Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy: Life, Earth, and Beyond by Axel Kleidon


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