By Gregory D. Squires
Neighborhood activists have been overjoyed with the passage of the neighborhood Reinvestment Act, yet they got here to gain that it'll take greater than the observe of legislation to lead to actual swap. This booklet supplies voice to the activists who took it upon themselves to agitate for elevated funding via monetary associations of their neighborhood groups. They inform in their struggles to get banks, personal loan businesses and others to reconsider their lending rules. Their tales, drawn from stories in Chicago, big apple, Milwaukee, Boston, Pittsburgh, and different towns round the nation, provide perception into the way in which our political/economic process particularly works.Gregory D. Squires is Professor of Sociology at George Washington collage. He has served as a specialist and specialist witness for reasonable housing teams and civil rights businesses round the nation together with HUD, the nationwide reasonable Housing Alliance, the nationwide group Reinvestment Coalition, etc. He additionally served a three-year time period as a member of the patron Advisory Council of the Federal Reserve Board. he's the co-editor of "Color and funds: Politics and clients for group Reinvestment in city America".
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Additional resources for Organizing Access to Capital: Advocacy and the Democratization of Financial Institutions
Dallas Morning News (Nov. 5). Dreier, Peter, John Mollenkopf, and Todd Swanstrom. 2001. Place Matters: Metropolitics for the Twenty-first Century. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. Everett, David, John Gallagher, and Teresa Blossom. 1988. The Race for Money. Detroit Free Press (July 24-27). Fair, Isaac and Co. 1997. Credit Bureau Scores in Mortgage Lending: Strategies for Improving Operations. : Fair, Isaac and Co. Fannie Mae. d. What Are Credit Scoring and Automated Underwriting? : Fannie Mae.
American Banker (Oct. 18). Meyer, Laurence H. 1998. Remarks by Laurence H. Meyer before the 1998 Community Reinvestment Act Conference of the Consumer Bankers Association, Arlington, Virginia (May 12). , Geoffrey M. B. Tootell, Lynn E. Brown, and James McEneany. 1996. Mortgage Lending in Boston: Interpreting HMDA Data. American Economic Review 86 (I): 25-53. NAACP v. American Family Mutual Insurance Company (1992). Statement taken from case files, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders.
Other problems, some longstanding and others relatively new, threaten fair lending and community reinvestment initiatives. Racial steering and other discriminatory practices remain facts of life, as black and Hispanic home seekers encounter discrimination in approximately 20 percent of their encounters with real estate agents (Turner et al. 2002b). Property insurance discrimination has been documented in cities across the nation, with four of the nation's six: largest insurance companies (Allstate, State Farm, Nationwide, and Farmers), among others, settling fair housing complaints since 1995, following the pathbreaking settlement with American Family Mutual Insurance Company in Milwaukee that year (Squires 1997; Toledo Fair Housing Center 2001).
Organizing Access to Capital: Advocacy and the Democratization of Financial Institutions by Gregory D. Squires